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Hylactor to Isander

Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone

Hylactor. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Hylaeus 1. See CENTAURS.

Hylaeus 2. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Hylaeus 3. See CENTAURS.

Hylaeus 4. See CENTAURS.


Hyles. See CENTAURS.


Hyllus 1. Son of Heracles 1; his mother was either Deianira 1 or Melite 2. Hyllus 1 killed Eurystheus, his father's tormentor, and later sought to effect the return of the HERACLIDES to the Peloponnesus, but was killed by King Echemus of Arcadia; others say that he was slain by the Mentorians as he was fighting for the oxen of his field. Hyllus 1 married Iole and had children by her: Cleodaeus 2 and Evaechme 2 [see also HERACLIDES, Heracles 1, and Alcmena] [Apd.2.7.8, 2.8.1-2; Arg.4.538, 4.551; Dio.4.36.3, 4.58.4; Hdt.6.52, 7.204, 8.131, 9.26; Pau.3.15.10, 4.2.1, 8.5.1; Soph.Tra.61 and passim].

Hyllus 2. Son of Gaia after whom the river in Lydia was called [Pau.1.35.8].

Hyllus 3 (see Agelaus 1) [Pau.1.35.8].

Hyllus 4. A soldier in the army of Aeneas. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.12.535].

Hyllus 5. See TROJANS.

Hyllus 6. See ACHAEANS.

Hylonome. See CENTAURS.

Hymenaeus 1. See Other Deities.

Hymenaeus 2. Son of Magnes 3. Apollo was in love with him, and being thus busy, Hermes had a chance to steal his brother's cattle [Lib.Met.23].

Hymenaeus 3. A youth who led the Boeotian troops that joined Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India. During the war he was saved from destruction by Urania 2 (one of the MUSES), because he had the same name as her own son. Hymenaeus 3 was son of Phlegyas 1, son of Ares according to some, an autochthon according to others [Nonn.13.84, 15.160, 24.88, 29.31].

Hymnus. An oxherd who fell passionately in love with the nymph Nicaea, and was killed by her as he was declaring his love. Many among the gods and NYMPHS grieved his death [Nonn.15.206ff., 15.363ff.].

Hypanis 1. See TROJANS.

Hypanis 2. A warrior fighting with Aeetes against Perses 3 during the Colchian civil war. He was killed by Taxis [Val.6.252].

Hypanis 3. A soldier in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. He was killed by Haemon 1, son of Creon 2 [Stat.Theb.8.491].

Hypeirochus 1. Man from Elis, and father of Itymoneus 1, whom Nestor killed [Hom.Il.11.672].

Hypeirochus 2. See TROJANS.

Hypeiron. See TROJANS.

Hypera. When Hypera and her brother Anthas settled in Calaurea, they called the island Anthedonia (now Poros) and Hypereia. Anthas, while he was still a child disappeared, but Hypera found him later in Pherae (Thessaly), in the house of Acastus (the latter counted among the ARGONAUTS). Anthas is the founder of Halicarnassus. Anthas and Hypera were children of Poseidon and Alcyone 1, one of the PLEIADES [Plu.GQ.19; Pau.2.30.8, 9.22.5; Strab.8.6.14].

Hyperantus. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Hyperasius. Father, by Hypso, of Asterius 1, Amphion 2, Deucalion 4, and Asterion 5 (all these children became ARGONAUTS) [Arg.1.176; Hyg.Fab.14; Val.1.367].

Hyperbius 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Hyperbius 2. Defender of the Oncaidian Gate at Thebes, during the war of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. Hyperbius 2 was son of Oenops 1 [Aes.Sev.504; Apd.3.6.6].

Hyperborean Girl. This girl is said to be the mother, by Heracles 1, of King Latinus 1 of Latium, who was succeeded by Aeneas. She also consorted with Faunus 1 [DH.1.43.1].

Hyperenor 1 (Hyperes). Son of Poseidon and Alcyone 1 (one of the PLEIADES) and founder of Hyperea, a city in Argolis where he ruled as king; his brother Anthas ruled in Anthea [see also Hypera] Apd.3.10.1; Pau.2.30.8].

Hyperenor 2. See SPARTI.


Hyperenor 4. See TROJANS.

Hyperenor 5. A soldier in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. He was killed by Haemon 1, son of Creon 2 [Stat.Theb.8.493].

Hyperes (see Hyperenor 1) [Pau.2.30.8].

Hyperion 1. See TITANS.

Hyperion 2. Son of Priam 1 [Apd.3.12.5].

Hyperippe 1. See DANAIDS.

Hyperippe 2. Daughter of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. She is called wife of King Endymion of Elis, and mother of his children: Paeon 2, Epeius 1, Aetolus 2, and Eurycyda [Pau.5.1.4].

Hyperippe 3 is one of the children of King Munichus of the Molossians and Lelante. The whole of her family, having been attacked by robbers who put fire to their buildings, were turned into birds by Zeus; Hyperippe 3 was transformed into a diver [Lib.Met.14].

Hyperlaus. Son of Melas 1. He was killed by Tydeus 2 for plotting against King Oeneus 2 of Calydon, brother of Melas 1 [Apd.1.8.5].

Hypermestra could change her sex, and under the form of a woman was a prostitute, but changing into a man was able to maintain his father Aethon 3 [Lib.Met.17].

Hypermnestra 1. See DANAIDS.

Hypermnestra 2. Daughter of Thestius 1 (the man who, by claiming the skin of the Calydonian boar, caused a conflict among the CALYDONIAN HUNTERS) and Eurythemis. She is mother, either by King Oicles of Argos or by Apollo, of Amphiaraus (one of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES), Polyboea 2, and Iphianira 2. At her death she was buried in Argos [Apd.1.7.10; Dio.4.68.5; Hyg.Fab.70, 73; Pau.2.21.2].

Hyperochus. Son of Priam 1 [Apd.3.12.5; Hyg.Fab.90].

Hyperphas. Father of Eurygania and Euryanassa 1 [Apd.3.5.8-9; Hes.CWE.84].

Hypetaon. A warrior in the army of Aeetes against Perses 3 during the Colcian civil war. He was killed by Colaxes [Val.6.637].

Hypnos (Sleep).

Hypolipnus (see Polymnus) [Hyg.Ast.2.5].

Hypsenor 1. See TROJANS.

Hypsenor 2. See ACHAEANS.

Hypseus 1. King of the LAPITHS, people living in northern Thessaly. He was son of Peneus (one of the RIVER GODS) and Creusa 3 (one of the NYMPHS). By a nymph (Nymph 7) he begot Themisto 2, Astyaguia, and Cyrene [Apd.1.9.2; Dio.4.69.1-3, 4.81.1; Hyg.Fab.1, 4; Pin.Pyth.9.14-18].

Hypseus 2 is one of the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS. He was involved in the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1 at the court of Cepheus 1. He killed Prothoenor 2 and was himself slain by Lyncides [Ov.Met.5.98].

Hypseus 3 defended Thebes against the SEVEN and was killed by Capaneus. Hypseus 3 was son of Asopus (one of the RIVER GODS) and Metope 1 [Apd.3.12.6-7; Stat.Theb.7.310, 7.723, 9.545ff.].

Hypsicerus. See SATYRS.

Hypsipyle. When the Lemnian women decided to kill their husbands and all men in Lemnos because of their having taken Thracian wives, Hypsipyle became their queen. It was then that the ARGONAUTS came to the island and Hypsipyle, having consorted with Jason, gave birth to Euneus 1 and Nebrophonus 1, or to Euneus 1 and Deipylus 2, or to Euneus 1 and Thoas 9. When later it became known that Hypsipyle secretly had spared her father Thoas 3 she was sold into slavery by the Lemnian women. That is how she came to Nemea (a city in northern Argolis) where she became the nurse of King Lycurgus 3's son Opheltes 1. When the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES came to Nemea looking for water, Hypsipyle showed them the way to a spring, and doing so she left behind the little prince Opheltes 1 who was killed by a serpent, or as some say, devoured by a dragon. Her son Euneus 1 became afterwards King of Lemnos, and is known for having sent ships from the island with cargoes of wine for the Achaeans during the Trojan War [AO.479; Apd.1.9.17, 3.6.4; Hyg.Fab.15; Stat.Theb.4.721, 5.29ff., 5.38, 6.342; Val.2.244ff.].

Hypsipylus. A man from Methymna in Lesbos, the large island in the Aegean Sea opposite the coast of Asia Minor. Hypsipylus was killed by Achilles, when the latter attacked the islands close to the mainland [Parth.21.3].

Hypso. Mother, by Hyperasius, of Asterius 1, Deucalion 4, Amphion 2 and Asterion 5 (these children became ARGONAUTS) [Arg.1.176; Hyg.Fab.14; Val.1.367].

Hypsus. Son of Lycaon 2. The city and the mountain Hypsus in Arcadia are named after him [Pau.8.35.7].

Hyraeus. Son of Aegeus 2, son of Oeolycus, son of Theras, son of Autesion 1, son of Tisamenus 1, son of Thersander 1, son of Polynices, son of Oedipus. He is father of Maesis, Laeas, and Europas [Pau.3.15.8].

Hyrie (Thyrie). Daughter of Amphinomus 1 and mother, by Apollo, of Cycnus 7. Hyrie grieved much for her son's death, not knowing he had been transformed into a swan; so she melted away in tears or, as others say, threw herself into a lake and was herself turned into a swan [Lib.Met.12; Ov.Met.7.371ff.].

Hyrieus. Son of Poseidon and Alcyone 1, one of the PLEIADES. He owned a treasure inside a building built by Trophonius and Agamedes 1, which had a stone that they could take away from the outside, thus robbing him of his treasure, until one of them was caught in a trap made by Hyrieus himself. By Clonia, one of the NYMPHS, Hyrieus fathered Nycteus 2, Lycus 5, and Orion (but other parentages are also attributed to these children [Apd.3.10.1; Lib.Met.25; Pau.9.37.5].

Hyrmina. Daughter of King Epeius 1 of Elis and Anaxiroe, daughter of Coronus 4. Hyrmina married Phorbas 2, giving birth to Tiphys, Pellen, Actor 4, and Aegeus 3. It is after this woman that the city Hyrmina in Elis was called [Dio.4.69.3; Hyg.Fab.14; Pau.5.1.6, 5.1.11, 7.26.12].

Hyrnetho. See HERACLIDES.

Hyrtacus received his wife Arisbe from Priam 1 who had been her husband. He had sons by her: Asius 1 and Hippocoon 3 [Apd.3.12.5; Apd.Ep.3.34ff.; Vir.Aen.5.492].

Hyrtius. See TROJANS.

Hysminus. See TROJANS.

Hyssacus. The trusty guardian of Morrheus 1, a general in the Indian army who fought against Dionysus 2 [Nonn.34.23].

Iacchus. Son of Dionysus 2 and Aura 2, daughter of Lelantus, one of the TITANS. When his mother abandoned him, Nicaea, one of the NYMPHS, became his nurse and the MAENADS of Eleusis took care of him. Iacchus was honoured as a god next after the son of Persephone (Zagreus) and after Semele's son (Dionysus 2). Later the Athenians honoured all the three together [Nonn.48.928ff., 48.948ff.].

Iaera 1. See NEREIDS.

Iaera 2. See NYMPHS.

Ialebion attempted, in Liguria (coastal area of northwestern Italy and southern France), to rob Heracles 1 of the kine of Geryon [see HERACLES 1'S LABOURS] but was killed by him. Ialebion was son of Poseidon [Apd.2.5.10].


Ialmenus 2 defended Thebes against the SEVEN. He was slain by Agylleus [Stat.Theb.10.305].

Ialysus divided his father's land (Rhodes) with his brothers Camirus and Lindus. He was son of Cercaphus 1 (son of Helius) and Cyrbia [Dio.5.57.8; Pin.Oly.7.74].

Iambe. The old woman who made Demeter smile when the goddess was in Eleusis [see also Demeter] [Apd.1.5.1].

Iamenus. See TROJANS.

Iamus. See SEERS.

Ianassa. See NEREIDS.

Ianira 1. See OCEANIDS.

Ianira 2. See NEREIDS.

Ianiscus. A descendant of the Athenian Clytius 9, father of Pheno, mother of Zeuxippe 3, mother of Chthonophyle, mother of Polybus 9, king of Sicyon. On Adrastus 1's return from Argos, Ianiscus was made king of Sicyon, and on the latter's death Phaestus 2 came to the throne [Pau.2.6.6].

Ianthe 1. See OCEANIDS.

Ianthe 2, daughter of Telestes, was betrothed to Iphis 4 before he became a boy; for Iphis 4 was born a girl but became a boy only when she was about to marry [Ov.Met.9.666ff.].

Iaon. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was killed by Deriades, king of India [Nonn.32.234].

Iapetus 1. See TITANS.

Iapetus 2. Father, by Thornax, of Buphagus, whom Artemis punished [Pau.8.27.17].

Iapetus 3. Father of Dryas 2, one of the CALYDONIAN HUNTERS [Hyg.Fab.173].

Iapis. See SEERS.

Iapyx 1. Son of Lycaon 2. Together with his brothers Daunius and Peucetius sailed to Italy [Lib.Met.31].

Iapyx 2. A Theban killed by Theseus [Stat.Theb.12.746].

Iapyx 3. Son of Daedalus and a Cretan woman [Strab.6.3.3].

Iarbas. A Moor king, son of Zeus-Ammon and an African nymph. Suitor of Dido but rejected by her. On Dido's death Iarbas attacked Carthage and captured the palace [Ov.Fast.3.552; Vir.Aen.4.36, 4.198].

Iardanus. Father of Omphale, the queen of Lydia who bought Heracles 1 as a slave [Apd.2.6.3; Dio.4.31.7].

Iardanus' Slave (see Omphale) [Hdt.1.7].

Iaseus. Friend of Phocus 3, the son of Aeacus [Pau.10.30.4].

Iasion (Iasus 5), regarded as one of the most handsome, was son of Zeus and Electra 3, one of the PLEIADES. Others say that he was son of Thuscus, and still others call him som of Ilithius. Iasion loved Demeter and was loved by her, but for reason of this love he was destroyed by Zeus' thunderbolt, although others tell that Iasion was killed by his own horses. Plutus and Philomelus are said to be his sons by Demeter, but it has also been said that Iasion neither married nor had any children [see also Demeter and CONSTELLATIONS] [Apd.3.12.1; DH.1.61.2-4; Dio.5.48.2; Hes.The.970; Hom.Od.5.125; Hyg.Ast.2.4, 2.22; Hyg.Fab.250, 270; Nonn.48.678; Strab.Fra.7.49].

Iasis. See NYMPHS.

Iasius 1. See DACTYLS.

Iasius 2 is remembered for having won a horse-race at Olympia when Heracles 1 celebrated the Olympian festival [Pau.8.48.1].

Iasius 3. Son of Eleuther 1, the son of Apollo who won a Pythian victory for his loud and sweet voice. Iasius 3 is father of Chaeresilaus, father of Poemander, father of Ephippus, father of Acestor, whom Achilles slew when the Achaeans invaded Tanagra, a city east of Boeotian Thebes [Pau.9.20.1].

Iasius 4 (see Iasus 1) [Cal.Ar.216].

Iasius 5 (see Iasus 7) [Pau.9.36.8].

Iaso. Goddess of healing [Pau.1.34.3].

Iasus 1 (Iasius 4) An Arcadian son of Lycurgus 2; his mother was either Eurynome 1 or Cleophyle. His wife was Clymene 3, and his daughter by her was Atalanta [Apd.3.9.2; Cal.Ar.215].

Iasus 2. See ACHAEANS.

Iasus 3. King of Argos and father of Io. Iasus 3 was son either of Argus 1 and Ismene 1, or of Triopas 1 [Apd.2.1.3; Pau.2.16.1].

Iasus 4. Father of Palinurus (steerman of Aeneas) and Iapis (seer and healer) [Vir.Aen.5.843, 12.391].

Iasus 5 (see Iasion) [DH.1.61.2].

Iasus 6. Father of Dmetor, a king of Cyprus according to Odysseus [Hom.Od.17.443].

Iasus 7 (Iasius 5) ruled once in Minyan Orchomenus. Father of Amphion 1, say some [Hom.Od.11.283; Pau.9.36.8].

Iaxartes. A Colchian [Val.5.593].

Icarius 1 was expelled from Lacedaemon by Hippocoon 2, along with his brother Tyndareus, later father of Helen. Both were received as exiles by the Aetolian ruler Thestius 1, who gave his daughter Leda to Tyndareus. Icarius 1 and Tyndareus were afterwards restored by Heracles 1, after the latter had killed Hippocoon 2, son of Oebalus 1 and Batia 2. Icarius 1 was son either of Perieres 1 and Gorgophone 2, or of Oebalus 1 and Batia 2. By the naiad Periboea 3, or by Polycaste 1, daughter of Lygaeus, he fathered Thoas 1, Damasippus, Imeusimus, Aletes 3, Perileos (who accused Orestes 2 in the trial for the murder of Perileos' cousin Clytaemnestra), Penelope, Iphthime (who married Alcestis' son Eumelus 1), and also Alyzeus and Leucadius, who reigned in Acarnania, the coastal region south of Epirus, west of Aetolia and opposite to the islands of Cephallenia and Leucas [see also Penelope] [Apd.3.10.3, 3.10.5-6; Hom.Od.4.797; Strab.10.2.9, 10.2.24].

Icarius 2 (Icarus 3). The man who received from Dionysus 2 a branch of a vine and learned from him the process of making wine. He was killed by some shepherds who having drunk the wine of Icarius 2 imagined they were bewitched. He and his daughter Erigone 2 were made immortal [see full story at CONSTELLATIONS] [Apd.3.14.7; Hyg.Ast.2.4, 2.35; Hyg.Fab.224; Nonn.47].

Icarus 1. Son of Daedalus and Naucrate, a female slave of Minos 2. Daedalus constructed wings for himself and his son to escape from Crete, and enjoined Icarus 1 neither to fly high, lest the glue should melt in the sun and the wings should drop off, nor to fly near the sea, lest the pinions should be detached by the damp. But Icarus 1, disregarding his father's instructions, soared ever higher until the glue melted and he, falling into the sea afterwards named Icarian after him, perished, being later buried by Heracles 1 who happened to find him. Others have said that his ship was overturned and he drowned, or that he disembarked in a reckless manner, falling into the sea and drowning; for they do not believe that Icarus 1 ever flew [see Daedalus] [Apd.2.6.3; Apd.Ep.1.12-13; Dio.4.77.6; Hyg.Fab.40; Ov.Fast.4.284; Pau.9.11.5].

Icarus 2. This is the king of Caria (southwestern region of Asia Minor) who bought (from pirates) Theonoe 1, daughter of Thestor 1, as a concubine [Hyg.Fab.190].

Icarus 3 (see Icarius 2) [Hyg.Fab.224].

Icelos (see Phobetor) [Ov.Met.11.640].

Ichneus. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Ichnobates. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Icmalius. The craftsman who made Penelope's chair, overlaid with ivory and silver [Hom.Od.19.57].

Idaea 1. See NYMPHS.

Idaea 2. Daughter of King Dardanus 3 of Scythia. He was married to Phineus 2 and falsely accused her stepsons to her husband of corrupting her virtue. She was sent back to Scythia, where she was condemned to death [see Phineus 2] [Apd.3.15.3; Dio.4.43.4, 4.44.4].

Idaeus 1. See TROJANS and HERALDS.

Idaeus 2. See TROJANS.

Idaeus 3. See CORYBANTES.

Idaeus 4 came from Arcadia to Phrygia with his father Dardanus 1. There the Idaean Mountains were called after him. His mother was Chryse 3, daughter of Pallas 8 [DH.1.61.2-4].

Idaeus 5. Son of Paris and Helen. He died crushed by a collapsing roof at Troy [Dictys 5.5].

Idas 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Idas 2 and his brother Lynceus 1 came from Messenia and are known for having opposed the DIOSCURI. Idas 2, who was one of the ARGONAUTS, is said to have killed Castor 1. Idas 2 was son of Arene, either by Poseidon or by Aphareus 1, son of King Perieres 1 of Messenia. Idas 2 was killed by Polydeuces, but before that he married Marpessa 1, daughter of Evenus 2, and had by her a daughter Cleopatra 4, who was Meleager's wife. [see also ARGONAUTS, CALYDONIAN HUNTERS, and DIOSCURI] [Apd.1.8.2, 3.10.3, 3.11.2; CYP.1, 12; Hyg.Fab.14, 80; Stat.Theb.5.405; Val.1.461].

Idas 3 (Acesidas). See DACTYLS.

Idas 4, one of the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS, was in the court of Cepheus 1 when the fight broke between Perseus 1 and Phineus 1. He kept neutral, but was nevertheless accidentally killed by Phineus 1 [Ov.Met.5.90].

Idas 5. One of the soldiers of Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.9.575].

Idas 6. Son of Clymenus 9 [Parth.14.1].

Idas 7. An Elean from Pisa who took part in the foot-race at Opheltes 1's funeral games. During the war of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES he came in succour of Hippomedon 1, one of the SEVEN [Stat.Theb.6.553, 9.122].

Idas 8. A man from Onchestus. He defended Thebes against the SEVEN, and was killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.8.466].

Idas 9. One of those comrades of Diomedes 2 in Italy who turned into birds [Ov.Met.14.504].

Idasmenus. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was slain by Melas 2 [Val.6.196].

Ide 1. Daughter of Corybas, wife of Lycastus 1, and mother of Minos 2 [Dio.4.60.3].

Ide 2. A Theban mother who grieved her sons killed by Tydeus 2 during the war of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES [Stat.Theb.3.134].

Ide 3. See NYMPHS.

Idmon 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Idmon 2. See ARGONAUTS and SEERS.

Idmon 3. Father of Arachne. It is said that he used to dye wool with Phocaean purple [Ov.Met.6.5ff.].

Idmon 4. See HERALDS.

Idomene. Daughter of Pheres 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1. She is, by some, said to be the wife of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, and the mother of his children: Aeolia, Bias 1, and Melampus 1 [Apd.1.9.11, 1.7.7].


Idomeneus 2. Son of Priam 1 [Apd.3.12.5].

Idyia. See OCEANIDS.

Ilagus. Son of Priam 1 [Hyg.Fab.90].

Ileus 1. Son of Apollo and Urea, daughter of Poseidon [Hes.CWE.83; Hyg.Fab.161].

Ileus 2 (See Oileus 1) [SI.1].

Ilia (Silvia 2, Rhea 3) was made a Vestal by her uncle Amulius, because he did not want her to be with child. However she got pregnant and she would have suffered the death penalty, but Antho interceded successfully on her behalf. Others have said, however, that she was put to death immediately, when it became known that she was pregnant. Ilia was daughter of Numitor 2 and mother by Ares of Romulus and Remus 1. But these brothers have also been said to be the sons of Amulius and Ilia [see Romulus] [DH.1.79.2; Ov.Fast.3.41, 4.54; Vir.Aen.6.777, 1.273; Plu.PS.36; Plu.Rom.3.3, 4.2].

Iliona. Daughter of Priam 1, wife of the treacherous Polymestor 1 and mother by him of Deipylus 1. When Polydorus 3 was born, his father Priam 1 gave him to his daughter Iliona, who was then married to King Polymestor 1 of Thrace. Iliona brought her brother up as her own son; and the son Deipylus 1 that she had by Polymestor 1, she brought as if he were her brother, thinking that if anything happened to either of them, she could give the other to her parents at Troy. Now, when Troy was sacked, the Achaeans, purposing to destroy the house of Priam 1, murdered little Astyanax 2, the son of Hector 1; and with regard to Polydorus 3 the Achaeans sent messengers to King Polymestor 1, promising him Electra 2, daughter of Agamemnon, in marriage, together with a large amount of gold, if he would kill Polydorus 3. Polymnestor 1 found the offer attractive but unwittingly slew his own son Deipylus 1, thinking he was killing Polydorus 3. In the meantime this young man had gone to the Oracle at Delphi and, having inquired about his parents, he learned that his city was burned, his father dead, and his mother held in servitude. But when he returned home to Thrace, still not knowing about his Trojan origin and believing Polymestor 1 and Iliona to be his parents, he thought that the Oracle had spoken falsely. However, his sister Iliona, who later committed suicide on account of the misfortunes of her family, revealed the truth and, following her advice, Polydorus 3 blinded Polymestor 1 and killed him [see also Hecabe 1] [Hyg.Fab.109, 243; Vir.Aen.1.653].

Ilioneus 1. See NIOBIDS.

Ilioneus 2. See TROJANS.

Ilioneus 3. A companion of the exiled Aeneas. His ship sank [Vir.Aen.1.120, 1.521].

Ilioneus 4. A Trojan elder who asked for mercy but was nevertheless slain by Diomedes 2 at Troy [QS.13.181ff.].

Ilithius. Father of Iasion [see also Demeter] [Hyg.Fab.270].

Ilithyia (Eileithyia). See Other Deities.

Illyrius. Son of Cadmus and Harmonia 1 [Apd.3.5.4].

Iltonomus. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Ilus 1. Son of Dardanus 1, son of Zeus and Electra 3, one of the PLEIADES. His mother was Batia 1, daughter of Teucer 2, son of Scamander 1, one of the RIVER GODS. Ilus 1 died childless [Apd.3.12.2].

Ilus 2 founded the city of Ilium (Troy) that he called after himself. Ilus 2 went to Phrygia, and taking part in games that at the time were held by the king, he won victory in wrestling. As a prize he received fifty youths and as many maidens; and the king, obeying an oracle, gave him also a cow and asked him to found a city wherever the cow should lie down. This took place when the cow came to the hill of Ate, and in that spot Ilus 2 built the city which he called Ilium. Then he prayed to Zeus that a sign might be shown to him and he saw the Palladium, fallen from heaven and lying before his tent. Ilus 2 was blinded, since the Palladium was not to be looked upon by any man. But later, when he had made offerings to the goddess, he recovered his sight. Ilus 2 was son of Tros 1 (eponym of the Trojans), son of Erichthonius 1, son of Dardanus 1, son of Zeus and Electra 3, one of the PLEIADES. His mother was Callirrhoe 3, daughter of Scamander 1, one of the RIVER GODS. He had children by Eurydice 6 (daughter of Adrastus 2): Themiste and Laomedon 1, but the latter is also called son of Ilus 2 and Leucippe 5. Also Tithonus 1 has been called son of Ilus 2 [see also Troy] [Apd.3.12.2-3; Dictys 4.22; Hyg.Fab.250; Plu.PS.17].

Ilus 3. Son of Mermerus 3. A man whom Odysseus used to visit [Hom.Od.1.259].

Ilus 4. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.10.400].

Imaon. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.10.425].

Imbrasius. See TROJANS.

Imbrasus. Father of Peiros and Asius 3 [Hom.Il.4.520; Vir.Aen.10.].

Imbreus. See CENTAURS.

Imbrius. See TROJANS.

Imbrus. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.

Imenarete. Wife of Chalcodon 1 (the Euboean king whom Amphitryon slew) and mother, by him, of Elephenor, one of the ACHAEAN LEADERS [Hyg.Fab.97].

Imeros (see Himerus). See PERSONIFICATIONS.

Imeusimus. Son of Icarius 1. His mother was either Periboea 3 or Polycaste 1. Imeusimus is brother of Penelope [Apd.3.10.6; Strab.10.2.24].

Immaradus (see Ismarus 2) [Pau.1.38.3].

Inachus. See RIVER GODS.



Indus 1. King in Scythia who first discovered silver [Hyg.Fab.274].


Ino (Leucothoe 3, Leucothea) was once a mortal woman but now lives in the depths of the sea and is called Leucothea, after having cast herself into the sea. This was the result of the plot she conceived against the children of her husband's first wife, when she attempted to arrange their death. These, however, could escape to Colchis borne through the sky by the Ram with the Golden Fleece. Ino was daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia 1. She married Athamas 1 and had by him two sons: Learchus and Melicertes [see Athamas 1]. It was Ino, as Leucothea, who saved the shipwrecked Odysseus [see Nausicaa] [Apd.1.9.1-2, 3.4.2; Cic.ND.3.39, 3.48; Hes.The.976; Hom.Od.5.333; Hyg.Fab.4, 224; Nonn.5.198; Pau.9.5.2; Pin.Oly.2.30; Pin.Pyth.11.2; Stat.Theb.1.14].

Io (see also Isis).

Iobacchus. See SATYRS.

Iobas (see Iobates) [Hyg.Fab.243].

Iobates (Iobas). King of Lycia, the region on the southern coast of Asia Minor east of Caria. When Acrisius (Danae's father) drove Proetus 1 from Argos, the latter came to the court of Iobates [see also Amphianax], married the king's daughter Stheneboea and received an army of Lycians with which he returned to Hellas, occupying Tiryns. Later, when Bellerophon was living in the kingdom of Proetus 1, the king's wife Stheneboea (or Antia, as some call her) fell in love with him, and sent him proposals for a meeting; and when he rejected them, she told Proetus 1 that Bellerophon had sent her a vicious proposal. Proetus 1 believed her, and gave Bellerophon a letter to take to Iobates in which it was written that he was to kill Bellerophon. Having read the letter Iobates ordered him to kill the Chimera, believing that he would be destroyed by the beast. But since Bellerophon shot down the Chimera, King Iobates ordered him to fight, first the Solymi (a Lycian tribe), and next the AMAZONS. And when he had killed them also, Iobates bade the bravest among the Lycians to lay an ambush and slay him. But when Bellerophon had killed them too, Iobates, feeling that Bellerophon enjoyed the protection of the gods, showed him the letter of Proetus 1 and begged him to stay with him; giving him his daughter Philonoe as wife; and when Ioabates died he bequeathed to Bellerophon the kingdom of Lycia [Apd.2.2.1, 2.3.1-2; Hyg.Fab.57].

Iobes. Son of Heracles 1 and Certhe, one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].

Iodama served as priestess in the precinct of Athena near Coroneia in Boeotia, and it is told that Athena appeared to her wearing a tunic in which was worked the head of Medusa 1, and on seeing it Iodama turned into a stone [Pau.9.34.2].


Iolaus 2 (see Protesilaus) [Hyg.Fab.103].

Iole. Heracles 1 won the hand of Iole through a contest in archery and yet he could not get her because of her family's opposition. Later, however, Heracles 1 took her captive and she became the cause of his death through the jealousy of Deianira 1, his wife. After Heracles 1's death Iole married Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1, and had children by him: Cleodaeus 2 and Evaechme 2. Iole was daughter of King Eurytus 4 (the king of Oechalia who received a bow from Apollo, that became, through Iphitus 1, Odysseus' bow) and Antiope 2, daughter of Pylo, son of Naubolus 4 [Apd.2.6.1, 2.7.7, 2.8.2; Dio.4.31.1; Eur.Hipp.547ff.; Hes.CWE.79; Hyg.Fab.14, 31; Soph.Tra.381; Pau.3.15.10, 4.2.1; Plu.PS.13].

Iollas. One of Aeneas' warriors in Italy. He was killed by Catillus [Vir.Aen.11.641].

Ion 1. Eponym of the Ionians. He was son of Xuthus 1, who was expelled by his brothers from Thessaly and, having come to Athens, married the princess Creusa 1, daughter of King Erechtheus and later mother of Ion 1. Yet some have said that Ion 1 was not the son of Xuthus 1, but the son of Apollo and Creusa 1. She, they say, exposed the child, out of shame, in a cavern in Attica. But Hermes, following Apollo's instructions, took little Ion 1 to Delphi where he was brought up in the service of the god by the Pythian priestess who found him abandonned lying in a cradle inside the temple. Years later Xuthus 1 and Creusa 1 came to Delphi to inquire of the oracle how they could cease to be childless. It was then that Ion 1 was given by the Oracle and Apollo to Xuthus 1 as a son. But Creusa 1, fearing to become the only one to be called childless, attempted against the life of Ion 1, whom she tried to poison with the help of a drop of Medusa 1's blood, which she had inherited. The criminal attempt, carried out by an old servant of Creusa 1, failed and Creusa 1 had to take refuge in the altar, lest she be killed by her own son, who was in an avenging mood. While Ion 1 waited for Creusa 1 to leave the altar so that he could slay her, the Pythian priestess who had nurtured him appeared with the old cradle. When Creusa 1 recognized the cradle she declared to Ion 1 what was inside it, thus proving she was his mother. This is how, they say, Ion 1 found his place in Attica, and for having thus been found by Creusa 1 and adopted by Xuthus 1, he followed them back to Athens. Later Xuthus 1, having won the enmity of the Royal House of Athens, was banished from the city, coming as an exile to Aegialus (Sicyon) where he made his home and died. From there Ion 1 waged war against King Selinus who had inherited and enlarged the kingdom of Sicyon. As this war was taking place Selinus offered Ion 1 his daughter Helice 2, and proposed to adopt him as son and successor. Ion 1 accepted this proposal, married Helice 2 and in time succeeded Selinus in the throne. Ion 1 founded a city Helice and called the inhabitants of his realm Ionians. When war between Athens and Eleusis broke up Ion 1 was invited by the Athenians to be their leader in the war and he died in the battlefield. His descendants continued to rule the territory (Achaea) and were called Ionians. His children by Helice 2 were Bura, Aiclus, Cothus, and Ellops [see also Achaea and Ionia] [Apd.1.7.3; Eur.Ion.10-57 and passim; Pau.7.1.3-5, 7.25.8; Strab.8.7.1, 10.1.3].

Ion 2. Son of Gargettus. After him the Ionides Nymphs in Elis were called (these were: Calliphaeia, Synallasis, Pegaea and Iasis) [Pau.6.22.7].

Ion 3. A soldier in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. He was killed by Chromis 9 at Thebes [Stat.Theb.8.453, 9.252].

Ione 1. See NEREIDS.

Ione 2. One of the nurses of Dionysus 2 who followed him in his Indian campaign [Nonn.14.219ff.].

Iopas. This is the minstrel, called pupil of Atlas, who sang with his zither when Dido feasted Aeneas and his fellows [Vir.Aen.1.740].

Iophossa (see Chalciope 2) [Hes.GE.15].

Iotis. Wife of Ancaeus 1 (one of the ARGONAUTS) and mother of Agapenor (one of the ACHAEAN LEADERS) [Apd.3.10.8; Hyg.Fab.97].

Ioxus took part, along with his brother Ornytus 6, in leading a colony into Caria, the southwestern region of Asia Minor. Ioxus was son of Melanippus 7, son of Theseus and Perigune, daughter of Sinis [Plu.The.8.2].

Ipheus. See TROJANS.

Iphianassa 1. Daughter of Agamemnon and Clytaemnestra [Hom.Il.9.145; Soph.Ele.158].

Iphianassa 2. Mother, by Endymion, of Aetolus 2 [Apd.1.7.7].

Iphianassa 3. This is one of the daughters of Proetus 1 and Stheneboea who went mad but were purified by Melampus 1 [Apd.2.2.2].

Iphianassa 4. Wife of Medon 9, a craftsman from Cilla, a city in the Troad, and mother of Menalcas 1 and Zechis, found among the TROJANS [QS.8.294, 10.125].

Iphianira 1. Daughter of King Megapenthes 2 of Argos, and mother by Melampus 1 of Abas 3, Antiphates 3, Mantius, Bias 5, Pronoe 3, Manto 3, and Thiodamas 3 [Apd.1.9.11-13; Dio.4.68.5; Hom.Od.15.242; Stat.Theb.8.279].

Iphianira 2. Daughter of King Oicles of Argos and Hypermnestra 2, daughter of Thestius 1. Iphianira 2 is sister of Amphiaraus, one of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES [Dio.4.68.5].

Iphias. A priestess of Artemis, whom Jason met before sailing to Colchis [Arg.1.312].


Iphiclus 1. See ARGONAUTS.


Iphidamas 1. See TROJANS.


Iphidamas 3. See ACHAEANS and WOODEN HORSE.


Iphimachus. The Lemnian shepherd who took care of the wounded Philoctetes. He was son of Dolops 3 [Hyg.Fab.102].

Iphimedia. Daughter of Triopas 2 and Hiscilla. Wife of Aloeus 1 and mother by him of Pancratis and the ALOADS; some say, however, that the ALOADS were the sons of Poseidon, who consorted with her taking the form of the river Enipeus [for the attack of the ALOADS against Heaven see Zeus] [Apd.1.7.4; Dio.5.50.6; Hom.Od.11.305ff.; Ov.Met.6.117; Vir.Aen.6.582ff.].

Iphimedon. Son of Eurystheus and Antimache, daughter of Amphidamas 1, son of Lycurgus 2, son of Aleus, son of Aphidas 1, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. Iphimedon was slain in battle by the Athenians [see Eurystheus] [Apd.2.8.1; 3.9.2].

Iphimedusa. See DANAIDS.

Iphinoe 1. Daughter of Proetus 1 (uncle of Danae) and Stheneboea. Iphinoe 1 went mad and died [Apd.2.2.2].

Iphinoe 2. See HERALDS.

Iphinoe 3. Daughter of King Nisus 1 of Megara. She married Megareus 2 and had childfren by him: Timalcus, Evippus 3, and Evaechme 1 [Pau.1.39.6, 1.41.3].

Iphinoe 4. Daughter of Alcathous 3 (son of Pelops 1). Her mother was either Pyrgo 1 or Evaechme 1. Iphinoe 4 died a maid [Pau.1.43.4].

Iphinome. See AMAZONS.

Iphinous 1. See CENTAURS.

Iphinous 2. See ACHAEANS.

Iphinous 3. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Amphiaraus [Stat.Theb.7.714].

Iphis 1. One of the three kings of Argos (at the time when there were three kingdoms in Argos). He knew that the way to persuade Amphiaraus to join the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES was to bribe his wife, and told it to Polynices. Iphis 1 was son of Alector 1, son of Anaxagoras [see Argos]. His son Eteoclus joined the SEVEN, and so did his son-in-law Capaneus who was married to Iphis 1's daughter Evadne 2 [Apd.3.6.2-3, 3.7.1; Eur.Supp. passim].

Iphis 2. One of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She consorted with Heracles 1 and had by him a son Celeustanor [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Iphis 3. This is the girl whom Achilles gave to Patroclus 1 when he had captured the fortress of Scyros (the island in the Aegean Sea northeast of Euboea) [Hom.Il.9.667].

Iphis 4 was born a girl but, when she was about to marry Ianthe 2, became a boy. Iphis 4 was the child of Lidgus and Telethusa. Lidgus had told his wife that if she gave birth to a girl the child would be put to death. But when the child was about to be born Telethusa had a vision in her dreams in which Isis, in the company of other gods (Anubis, Bubastis, Apis 1, Harpocrates and Osiris), told her not to obey her husband's orders. Doing as the vision said she then disguised her daughter as a boy thus deluding her husband; and in time the girl became a boy [Ov.Met.9.666ff.].

Iphis 5 loved Anaxarete, and since he could not stand be mocked by her, he hanged himself in front of her door [for a similar case see Arceophon who loved Arsinoe 3] [Ov.Met.14.698ff.].

Iphis 6. See ARGONAUTS.

Iphis 7. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Acamas 7 [Stat.Theb.8.447].

Iphition 1. See TROJANS.

Iphition 2. See TROJANS.

Iphitus 1. See ARGONAUTS.

Iphitus 2. See ARGONAUTS.

Iphitus 3. Father of Eurynome 2, mother of Adrastus 1, one of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES [Hyg.Fab.70].

Iphitus 4. Killed by Copreus, who was purified by Eurystheus in Mycenae [Apd.2.5.1].

Iphitus 5. Father of Archeptolemus and Coeranus 2, both counted among the TROJANS [Hom.Il.8.128; Ov.Met.13.257; Vir.Aen.2.435].

Iphthime 1. Sister of Penelope; it was in her likeness that Athena made a phantom and sent it to Penelope to help her to overcome her fears during Odysseus' absence. Iphthime 1 was daughter of Icarius 1; her mother either was Periboea 3 or Polycaste 1. She married Eumelus 1, son of Alcestis [Apd.3.10.6; Hom.Od.4.797; Strab.10.2.24].

Iphthime 2. Daughter of Dorus 1, son of Hellen 1, son of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood. She consorted with Hermes, having sons by the god: Pherespondus, Lycus 13, and Pronomus 2 [Nonn.14.114].

Irbus. Son of Amphisthenes, son of Amphicles, son of Agis 1, king of Sparta. It is told of his sons Astrabacus and Alopecus that they became mad in founding the statue of Artemis Orthia [Pau.3.16.9].

Iris 1.

Iris 2. See BESTIARY.

Iron 1. A Dolionian killed by the ARGONAUTS [Val.3.111].

Iron 2. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was killed in battle [Val.6.201].

Irus 1. Father, by Demonassa 1, of Eurydamas 2 and Eurytion 2, both counted among the ARGONAUTS [Hyg.Fab.14].

Irus 2 (Arnaeus). The beggar who was with the SUITORS OF PENELOPE and with whom Odysseus wrestled [Apd.Ep.7.32; Hom.Od.18.5ff.].

Isander (Pisander 6). Son of Bellerophon and Philonoe. He was slain by Ares, as he fought against the Solymi, a Lycian tribe [Apd.2.3.1-2; Hom.Il.6.203].