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Althepus to Antilochus

Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone

Althepus. Son of Poseidon and Leis, daughter of Orus 1. Althepus renamed the land Oraea, which he ruled, and called it Althepia. These are the former names of the land about Troezen. He was succeeded by Saron [Pau.2.30.5].

Alxion. Father of Oenomaus 1 [Pau.5.1.6].

Alycus. Son of Sciron, either by Pandion 4's daughter, or by Chariclo 3. Alycus was killed by Theseus near Aphidnae in a battle cause by Theseus' abduction of Helen [CYP.11; Plu.The.32.5].

Alyzeus. Brother of Leucadius and king in Acarnania. Alyzeus was son of Icarius 1, either by Periboea 3 or by Polycaste 1 [Strab.10.2.9, 10.2.24].

Amalthea. A Naiad, nurse of Zeus, who owned a horn which could supply food in abundance. She is also said to have been a goat or to have owned a she-goat who suckled Zeus [see also CONSTELLATIONS and BESTIARY]. Amalthea's father was Haemonius [Apd.2.7.5; Ara.Phae.162; Cal.Ze.48; Dio.5.70.3; Hyg.Ast.2.13; Hyg.Fab.139; Ov.Fast.5.115; Nonn.27.298].

Amarsyas was mother of Phereclus 3, pilot of the ship in which Theseus sailed to Crete. Yet some say that the pilot was Nausithous 3, a Salaminian [Plu.The.17.5].

Amarynceus 1, son of Pyttius, was one of the kings of Elis at the time when the government was shared. His children were Hippostratus and Diores 1, one of the ACHAEAN LEADERS. Amarynceus 1 was buried in Buprasium, a coastal city in northwestern Elis [Apd.1.8.4; Hom.Il.23.630; Pau.5.1.10-11, 5.3.4].

Amarynceus 2. See ACHAEAN LEADERS.

Amarynthus. One of Actaeon's dogs. See Actaeon [Apd.3.4.4].

Amastris. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes. He was killed by Argus 3, one of the ARGONAUTS [Val.6.554].

Amastrus 1, son of Hippotes 4, was one of Aeneas' warriors in Italy. He was killed by Camilla [Vir.Aen.11.673].

Amastrus 2. A Dolionian killed by Nestor during the battle between the Dolionians and the ARGONAUTS [Val.1.145].

Amata wished to marry her daughter to Turnus and not to Aeneas. Because of this dispute there was war to decide which of them should marry Lavinia 2. Amata, who hanged herself, had been married to King Latinus 1, who was succeeded by Aeneas in the throne of Latium [Ov.Fast.4.879; Vir.Aen.7.52, 7.343ff., 12.602].

Amathia. See NEREIDS.


Ambenus. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes [Val.6.251].

Ambracia. After her the city Ambracia in Epirus was named. Ambracia was daughter of Melaneus 5, son of Apollo, and of Oechalia [Lib.Met.4; Pau.4.3.10, 4.33.5].

Ambrax was King of Ambracia when the exiled Aeneas came to the city. He was son of Dexamenus 2, son of Heracles 1 [DH.1.50.4].

Ambrosia. One of the HYADES 1 [Hyg.Ast.2.21; Hyg.Fab.182, 192; Nonn.21.3, 21.26, 21.296].

Ambrosius. A Dolionian killed by Peleus during the battle between the Dolionians and the ARGONAUTS [Val.1.138].

Amestrius. See Heracles 1.

Amisodarus is said to have reared the Chimera [see Bellerophon]. He was father of Maris and Atymnius 2 [see TROJANS] [Hom.Il.16.328].

Ammon 1 (see Zeus). The name of Zeus in Africa [Ov.Met.5.17].

Ammon 2, brother of Broteas 3, is one of the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS who were in the court of Cepheus 1 when the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1 broke up. He was killed by Phineus 1 [Ov.Met.5.107].

Ammon 3. This is the Ethiopian who predicted deliverance from the flood and a monster that Poseidon sent against the land, because of the boasts of Queen Cassiopea 2 against the NEREIDS, if the queen's daughter Andromeda were exposed as a prey to the monster [Apd.2.4.3].

Amollius (see Amulius). [Strab.5.3.2].

Amopaon. See TROJANS.


Amphalces.Son of King Antiphates 3 of Argos and Zeuxippe 4 [Dio.4.68.5].

Ampheres. One of the first ten kings of Atlantis. Son of Poseidon and Cleito 2, and twin brother of Evaemon 3 [Pla.Cri.113Dff.].

Amphiale. A Rhodian woman, mother by Lernus 3 of Cleodorus [see ACHAEANS] [QS.10.221].

Amphialus 1. Son of Neoptolemus and Andromache [Hyg.Fab.123].


Amphialus 3 was a young Phaeacian nobleman, who competed in the games arranged to honour Odysseus. He was son of Polyneus, son of Tecton 2 [Hom.Od.8.111].

Amphialus 4. A man in the crew of Menelaus during his return from Troy [Pau.10.25.3].

Amphianax. King of Lycia. When Acrisius drove Proetus 1 from Argos, he came to the court of Amphianax [see also Iobates]. He had a daughter Stheneboea, also called Antia, who married Proetus 1 [Apd.2.2.1].

Amphiaraus. See also SEVEN AGAINST THEBES.

Amphicles. Son of Agis 1, son of Eurysthenes 1, son of Aristodemus, son of Aristomachus 2, son of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1. Amphicles had a son Amphisthenes [Pau.3.16.9].

Amphiclus 1. See TROJANS.

Amphiclus 2 succeeded Oenopion 1 (the man who blinded Orion) and his sons on the throne of Chios, the Aegean island off the coast of Ionia in Asia Minor [Pau.7.4.9].

Amphicomone. See DANAIDS.

Amphictyon. See AUTOCHTHONOUS.

Amphictyon's Daughter. Daughter of Amphictyon and Atthis, daughter of Cranaus [see Athens]. She had by Poseidon a son Cercyon 1, and by Rarus she was mother of Triptolemus [see also Demeter] [Pau.1.2.6, 1.14.3].

Amphidamas 1. Son of Lycurgus 2, son of Aleus, son of Aphidas 1, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. His mother was either Cleophyle or Eurynome 1. Amphidamas 1 is father of Melanion, who married Atalanta, and of Antimache, who married Eurystheus, the tormenter of Heracles 1 [Apd.3.9.2].

Amphidamas 2. See ARGONAUTS.

Amphidamas 3. A man from Opus, a city in Locris, father of Clitonymus, who was killed while still a boy by Patroclus 1 over a game of dice [Apd.3.13.8].

Amphidamas 4. Son of King Busiris 2 of Egypt, killed along with his father by Heracles 1 [Apd.2.5.11].

Amphidamas 5. Father of Nausidame, bride of Helius and mother by him of Augeas, whose stables Heracles 1 cleaned [Hyg.Fab.14].

Amphidamas 6. See ACHAEANS.

Amphidicus (Asphodicus). Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. Amphidicus, son of Astacus, killed Parthenopaeus, son of Atalanta, during the war [Apd.3.6.8].

Amphilochus 1. See ACHAEANS.

Amphilochus 2. See ACHAEANS.

Amphilochus 3. Son of Dryas 7 and husband of Alcinoe 2 [Parth.27.1].

Amphimachus 1. See ACHAEAN LEADERS.

Amphimachus 2 was the son of King Electryon 1 of Mycenae and Anaxo 1. He was killed by the sons of Pterelaus, who claimed of Electryon 1 the kingdom of their ancestor Mestor 1 [see Mycenae] [Apd.2.4.5-6].

Amphimachus 3. See TROJAN LEADERS.

Amphimachus 4. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Amphimachus 5. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Amphimachus 6. King of Elis. His father Polyxenus 2 gave him this name because of his friendship with Amphimachus 1 who died at Troy. Amphimachus 6 had a son Eleius 2, who succeeded him in the throne [Pau.5.3.4-5].

Amphimachus 7. See ACHAEANS.

Amphimarus. Son of Poseidon and father by the Muse Urania 2 of Linus 1 [Pau.9.29.6].

Amphimedon 1. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Amphimedon 2. One of the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS killed by Perseus 1. He was a companion of Phineus 1 [Ov.Met.5.74].

Amphimedon 3. See TROJANS.

Amphinome 1. See NEREIDS.

Amphinome 2 was wife of Aeson and mother of Jason and Promachus 2. She and her husband were persecuted by King Pelias 1 of Iolcus; Amphinome 2 then killed herself with a sword, but before dying she pronounced a curse against the king [Dio.4.50.2].

Amphinome 3. Wife of Arizelus and mother of Harpalion 3 [see ACHAEANS] [QS.10.75].

Amphinomus 1. Father of Hyrie [Lib.Met.12].

Amphinomus 2. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Amphinomus 3. Son of Diomedes 2 and the daughter of King Daunus of Apulia in Italy [Lib.Met.37].

Amphinous 1. See TROJANS.

Amphinous 2. See TROJANS.

Amphion 1.

Amphion 2. See ARGONAUTS.

Amphion 3. See ACHAEANS.

Amphion 4. See CENTAURS.

Amphion 5. See ACHAEANS.

Amphion 6 was a defender of Thebes against the SEVEN [Stat.Theb.9.778].

Amphiro. See OCEANIDS.

Amphissa (Isse). After her the city in Locris was named. Apollo made love to her, taking the form of a shepherd. Amphissa was daughter of Macar 2 and Canace, who were siblings, although they are sometimes given different parentages [see Aeolus 1 and Aeolus 2] [Ov.Met.6.124; Pau.10.38.4].

Amphissus, being himself the son of the Nymph Dryope 1, founded a sanctuary to honour the NYMPHS. His father was Apollo [Lib.Met.32; Ov.Met.9.356].

Amphisthenes. Son of Amphicles and father of Irbus [Pau.3.16.9].

Amphithea 1. Queen Amphithea 1 of Argos was daughter of Pronax, son of Talaus, son of Bias 1, son of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1, son of the eponym of the Hellenes, Hellen 1, son of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood. She was married to King Adrastus 1, who led the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. Her children by him are: Argia 1 (wife of Polynices, son of Oedipus), Deipyle (mother of Diomedes 2), Aegialia (wife of Diomedes 2, sometimes called daughter of Aegialeus 1), Aegialeus 1 (said to be father of Aegialia), and Cyanippus (king of Argos, also called son of Aegialeus 1) [Apd.1.9.13].

Amphithea 2. Wife of King Lycurgus 3 of Nemea, and mother of Opheltes 1, who was devoured by a serpent while still a child when the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES had reached Nemea [Apd.1.9.14].

Amphithea 3. Wife of Autolycus 1 and mother by him of Anticlia 1, Odysseus' mother, and of Polymede, Jason's mother [Apd.1.9.16; Hom.Od.19.415].

Amphithea 4. Wife of Aeolus 2, the ruler of the winds. She had by him six daughters and six sons (among which Macar 2) [Plu.PS.28].

Amphithemis 1 (Garamas). Son of Apollo and Acalle, daughter of Minos 2. He had by a Tritonian Nymph two sons, Caphaurus and Nasamon [Arg.4.1490ff.].

Amphithemis 2. One of the CENTAURS HORNED [See BESTIARY].

Amphithoe. See NEREIDS.

Amphitrite, the Queen of the Sea, was daughter of Oceanus and Tethys (that is, one of the OCEANIDS), or daughter of Nereus and Doris 1 (in this case, one of the NEREIDS). She married Poseidon, the lord of the sea, and had by him children: Triton, Rhode 2, and Benthesicyme [Apd.1.2.2, 1.2.7, 1.4.5, 3.15.4.; Col.21; Hes.The.243, 930; Hyg.Ast.2.5].


Amphius 1. See TROJAN LEADERS.

Amphius 2. See TROJANS.

Amphoterus 1. Son of Alcmaeon 1 and Callirrhoe 2. Amphoterus 1, just like his brother, suddenly became grown-up in order to avenge his father. The sons of Phegeus 1, who had killed Alcmaeon 1, were carrying the Necklace of Harmonia 1 to Delphi to dedicate it, and came to the house of Agapenor at the same time as Amphoterus 1 and his brother Acarnan 1. These, then, killed their father's murderers, and going to Psophis and entering the palace they slew both Phegeus 1 and his wife [see Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1] [Apd.3.7.2-6].

Amphoterus 2. See TROJANS.

Amphrysos. See RIVER GODS.

Ampycus 1 (Ampyx 4). See SEERS.

Ampycus 2 was a priest of Demeter. He is one of the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS who were in the court of Cepheus 1 at the time of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1. He was killed by Phineus 1 [Ov.Met.5.110].

Ampyx 1. See LAPITHS.

Ampyx 2 is one of the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS who were in the court of Cepheus 1 at the time of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1. He was turned into a stone when Perseus 1 showed him the head of Medusa 1 [Ov.Met.5.184].

Ampyx 3 is an ancestor of Patreus, the founder of Patrae. He was son of Pelias 2, son of Aeginetes 1, son of Dereites, son of Harpalus 1, son of Amyclas 1, son of Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and the Pleiad Taygete. Ampyx 3 was father of Areus, father of Agenor 9, father of Preugenes, father of Patreus [Pau.7.18.5].

Ampyx 4 (see Ampycus 1) [AO.948; Pau.5.17.10].

Amulius (Amollius) governed in Italy after his father Proca, seizing power by force. Some say he divided his and his brother Numitor 2's inheritance into two parts, setting the treasures and the gold which had been brought from Troy over against the kingdom. Numitor 2 then chose the kingdom, but Amulius, being in possession of the treasure, and made more powerful by it, took the kingdom away from his brother. It is said that he had twins (Romulus and Remus 1) by Numitor 2's daughter Ilia, and that he ordered them to be sunk in the river. By another woman he had a son Antho. Amulius was killed by Romulus who restored the kingdom to his grandfather Numitor 2 [DH.1.71.5, 1.77.1; Dio.7.5.12; Ov.Fast.3.49, 3.67; Ov.Met.14.772; Plu.Rom.3.2-3, 4.2, 8.6].

Amyclas 1. King of Laconia and Lacedaemon, and founder of Amyclae. Amyclas 1 is son of Lacedaemon and Sparta. He succeeded his father in the throne and, marrying Diomede 2, daughter of Lapithus 1, son of Apollo and Stilbe, the daughter of the river god Peneus, had many children by her: Leanira, Cynortes, Hyacinthus 1, Argalus, Polyboea 1, Harpalus 1, Laodamia 3 and Daphne 1. On the death of Amyclas 1 he was succeeded by Argalus [see also Sparta] [Apd.3.9.1, 3.10.3; Parth.15.1; Pau.3.1.3, 3.19.4, 7.18.5, 10.9.5.].

Amyclas 2. See NIOBIDS.

Amycus 1 was the King of the Bebrycians in northern Asia Minor, who compelled strangers to box as a way of killing them. Amycus 1, son of Poseidon and Melie, a Bithynian Nymph, was killed by Polydeuces, one of the DIOSCURI, during the expedition of the ARGONAUTS [AO.659; Apd.1.9.20; Arg.2.1, 2.94; Hyg.Fab.17; Val.4.101, 4.150, 4.290ff.].

Amycus 2. See CENTAURS.

Amycus 3. One of Aeneas' companions in Italy. He was killed by Turnus [Vir.Aen.1.222, 9.771].

Amycus 4 was married to Theano 3, a Trojan woman remembered for having given birth to Mimas 3 the same day that Paris was born [Vir.Aen.10.702].

Amycus 5. One of Aeneas' companions in Italy. He was killed by Turnus [Vir.Aen.12.509].

Amymone 1. See DANAIDS.

Amymone 2 (see Beroe 5). [Nonn.41.153].

Amyntor 1. King of Ormenium, a city near Mount Pelion, in Magnesia, known for cherishing his concubine Phthia 3 and scorning his wife. His son Phoenix 2, who later accompanied Achilles to Troy, was blinded by Amyntor 1, after having been accused of seduction by Phthia 3. When Heracles 1 came to Ormenium, king Amyntor 1 took arms and forbade him to march through the country, but Heracles 1 slew him. Amyntor was son of Ormenus 3, son of Cercaphus 2, son of Aeolus 1. He was also father of Astydamia 2, who had a son Ctessipus 1 by Heracles 1 [Apd.2.7.7-8, 3.13.8; Hom.Il.9.448; Strab.9.5.18].

Amyntor 2. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1 [see DANAIDS].

Amythaon 1 dwelt in Pylos. He was the son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1, and of Tyro, daughter of Salmoneus, son of Aeolus 1. Amythaon 1 married his niece Idomene, daughter of Pheres 1 (founder of Pherae in Thessaly), and had children by her: Bias 1, Melampus 1, Aeolia and Perimele 3. Some have said, however, that Amythaon 1's wife was Aglaia 5 [Apd.1.9.11, 1.7.7; Dio.4.68.3, 4.69.3; Hes.CWE.13; Hom.Od.11.258].

Amythaon 2 was a Lemnian living at the time when the Lemnian women killed all men in the island of Lemnos, which happen shortly before the arrival of the ARGONAUTS to that island [Val.2.162].

Anabesineus was a young Phaeacian nobleman, who competed in the games arranged to honour Odysseus [Hom.Od.8.111].

Anactor. Son of Electryon 1, son of Perseus 1, and of Anaxo 1, daughter of Alcaeus 1, son of Perseus 1. Anactor was killed by the sons of Pterelaus who claimed the kingdom of their ancestor Mestor 1, son of Perseus 1 [see Mycenae] [Apd.2.4.5-6].


Anaphlystus, son of Troezen 1, son of Pelops 1, is reported, along with his brother Sphettus, to have migrated from Troezen to Attica [Pau.2.30.9].

Anapis is Cyane 1's husband. This is the Naiad who opposed Hades when he ravished Persephone [Ov.Met.5.409ff.].

Anatole (Antolia). See HORAE.

Anausis was a warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes. He was killed by King Styrus of Albania [Val.6.272].

Anax. According to the Milesians in Asia Minor, Anax, son of Gaia ruled the country that was then called Anactoria after him. His son Asterius 4, succeeded him in the throne, but later, Miletus, son of Apollo, or of Asterius 5, son of King Minos 2 of Crete, landed with a Cretan army in Anactoria, occupied the country and called it after himself [Pau.1.35.6, 7.2.5]

Anaxagoras. King of Argos. It was under his reign that the women were smitten with madness. As it is said they were cured by Melampus 1, who received then two-thirds of the kingdom in return for his assistance. Anaxagoras is called either son of Argeus 1, or son of Megapenthes 2. Argeus 1 was son of Megapenthes 2, who in turn was son of Proetus 1, uncle of Danae. Anaxagoras had a son Alector 1, who was also king of Argos [Dio.4.68.4; Pau.2.18.4-5]

Anaxandra was mother of King Agis 1 of Sparta, after whom the family of Eurysthenes 1, her husband, is called the Agiadae. She was daughter of Thersander 3, son of Agamedidas, a great-grandson of Ctesippus 1, son of Heracles 1 [Pau.3.2.1, 3.16.6].

Anaxarete was loved by Iphis 5, but mocked him. He hanged himself and she was turned into stone [Ov.Met.14.698ff.].

Anaxias (see Anogon) [Pau.3.18.13].

Anaxibia 1. See DANAIDS.

Anaxibia 2. Daughter of Bias 1, son of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1. She married King Pelias 1 of Iolcus, the man who sent Jason to fetch the Golden Fleece, and had by him children: Acastus, Pisidice 2, Pelopia 1, Hippothoe 2, Alcestis, and Medusa 4. But some say that the wife of Pelias 1 was Phylomache [Apd.1.9.10; Hyg.Fab.24].

Anaxibia 3, daughter of Cratieus, has been called wife of Nestor; but so has Eurydice 8. Nestor's children by either of them were: Pisidice 3, Polycaste 2, Perseus 2, Stratichus, Aretus 2, Echephron 2, Pisistratus 1, Antilochus, and Thrasymedes 1 [see also Anaxibia 4] [Apd.1.9.9].

Anaxibia 4 (Astyoche 6) is mother, by Strophius 1, of Pylades, the well known friend of Orestes 2. She was daughter either of Plisthenes 1 and Aerope 1, or of Atreus and Aerope 1, or of Plisthenes 1 and Cleolla. Anaxibia 4 is sister of Agamemnon, and she could be the wife of Nestor [Apd.3.2.1; Apd.Ep.3.12; Dictys 1.1; Hes.CWE.69; Pau.2.29.4].

Anaxiroe, daughter of Coronus 4, married King Epeius 1 of Elis and had a daughter Hyrmina by him [Pau.5.1.6].

Anaxis (see Anogon) [Pau.2.22.5].

Anaxo 1. Daughter of Alcaeus 1, son of Perseus 1, either by Astydamia 1, or by Laonome, or by Hipponome. Anaxo 1 married King Electryon 1 of Mycenae (her uncle) and became mother of Alcmena (mother of Heracles 1), Stratobates, Gorgophonus, Phylonomus, Celaeneus 1, Amphimachus 2, Lysinomus, Chirimachus, Anactor, and Archelaus 3 [Apd.2.4.5].

Anaxo 2. This is a maiden from Troezen who was carried off by Theseus [Plu.The.29.1].


Ancaeus 2, King of Samos, was son of Poseidon, either by Althaea or by Astypalea. He married Samia, daughter of the river god Meander, and had children by her: Perilaus 1, Enudus, Samus, Alitherses, and Parthenope 2. Ancaeus 2 is counted among the ARGONAUTS and the SUITORS OF HELEN [Hyg.Fab.14, 81; Pau.7.4.1; Val.1.413].

Anchemolus was an ally of Turnus during the war against Aeneas. He was killed by Pallas 6 [Vir.Aen.10.388].

Anchiale. See NYMPHS.

Anchialus 1. See ACHAEANS.

Anchialus 2. A Taphian prince, father of Mentes 2, the man in whose appearance Athena visited Telemachus [Hom.Od.1.180].

Anchialus 3. A young Phaeacian nobleman, who competed in the games arranged to honour Odysseus [Hom.Od.8.111].

Anchinoe. Daughter of the river god Nilus, wife of Belus 1 and mother by him of Aegyptus 1, Danaus 1 (father of the DANAIDS), Cepheus 1 (father of Andromeda), Phineus 1, Phoenix 1, and Agenor 1 (father of Cadmus) [Apd.2.1.4; Nonn.3.296, 3.297].

Anchiroe 1. See NYMPHS.

Anchiroe 2. Argive daughter of the river god Erasinus. She is known for having received Britomartis [Lib.Met.40].

Anchiroe 3. Daughter of the river god Chremetes, wife of Psyllus, the man who made war against the WINDS, and mother by him of Crataigonos, a Libyan who joined Dionysus 2 in his Indian campaign [Nonn.13.380].

Anchises 1.

Anchises 2. Father of Echepolus 2 [Hom.Il.23.296].

Anchius. See CENTAURS.

Anchurus. Son of King Midas. Once the earth yawned open at Celaenae, a city in Caria in Asia Minor, and an oracle told Midas that if he should throw his most precious possession into the abyss, it would close. He cast in gold and silver but nothing happened. But Anchurus, reasoning that there is nothing in life more precious than a human life, rode on his horse into the abyss, and the earth closed. Anchurus was married to Timothea [Plu.PS.5].

Ancus Marcius. King of Rome after Tullus Hostilius and founder of Ostia. He was the son of Marcius 2 and Pompilia, daughter of King Numa 3, son of Pompon 1, a Sabine. Marcius 2 was son of Marcius 1, the kinsman of Numa 3 who induced him to accept the throne of Rome [Plu.Num.9.4, 21.4; Strab.5.3.5].

Ancyor. Son of the impious Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Andania was a woman, otherwise unknown, after whom a town in Messenia was named [Pau.4.33.6].

Andraemon 1. Father by Gorge 2, of Thoas 2, who led the Aetolians against Troy [see ACHAEAN LEADERS]. Andraemon 1 was buried in the same tomb as Gorge 2, who was daughter of King Oeneus 2 and Althaea [see Calydon] [Apd.1.8.1; Apd.Ep.3.12; Pau.10.38.5].

Andraemon 2 was father of Oxylus 2, the guide of the HERACLIDES. Oxylus 2 was banished for having unintentionally killed his brother Thermius [Apd.2.8.3; Pau.5.3.7].


Andraemon 4. Son of Oxylus 2, the guide of the HERACLIDES, and husband of Dryope 1, said to be the most beautiful of the Oechalian girls [Lib.Met.32; Ov.Met.9.333].

Andraemon 5. One of the sons of King Codrus 1 of Athens. Participating in the colonization of Ionia in Asia Minor he expelled the Carians from Lebedus, or else he founded Lebedus and seized a place called Artis. At his death he was buried near Colophon [Pau.7.3.5; Strab.14.1.3].

Andreus 1 is the man after whom the district Andreis in Boeotia was named. He was the son of the river god Peneus, married Evippe 3, daughter of Leucon 1, son of Athamas 1 and, according to some, had by her a son Eteocles 2, who became king in Boeotia [Pau.9.34.6-8].

Andreus 2 was one of the generals of Oenopion 1, son of Ariadne, who received the island of Andros, named after him [Dio.5.79.2].

Androcles was Lord of Sicily. He was the son of Aeolus 2 and Cyane 2, daughter of Liparus, son of Auson, an Italian king [Dio.5.8.1].

Androclia was daughter of Antipoenus. It is told that when Heracles 1, leading the Thebans, was about to engage in battle with the Orchomenians, an oracle declared that success would follow if the most famous among the Thebans would die by his own hand. This was Antipoenus, but his daughters Androclia and Alcis killed themselves in the place of her father [Pau.9.17.1].

Androclus, who was appointed king of the Ionians, sailed against Ephesus, and later made war on Leogorus. Otherwise it is said that he was the founder of Ephesus and the leader of the Ionian colonisation. Androclus, who is one of the sons of King Codrus 1 of Athens, was killed in a battle against the Carians [see also Ionia] [Pau.7.2.8-9, 7.4.2; Strab.14.1.3].

Androdamas was son of Phlias (after whom Phliasia near Sicyon is called) and Chthonophyle, daughter of Sicyon [Pau.2.6.6, 2.7.6].

Androgenia. This girl from Phaestus (Crete) is mother by Minos 2 of Asterius 5, who commanded the Cretans who joined Dionysus 2 in his campaign against the Indians. He never returned to Crete but settled among the Colchians and called them Asterians. Asterius 5 has been called father of Miletus, Caunus and Byblis, but other parentages have been given for these three [Nonn.13.223, 13.245, 13.546ff.].

Androgeus was the son of Minos 2, either by Pasiphae or by Crete 1. He won the Panathenian games and paid that triumph with his life, being assassinated by his competitors. Others say, however, that he was destroyed by the Marathonian Bull or killed during the war between Minos 2 and the Athenians. He was the father of Alcaeus 2 and Sthenelus 4 [Apd.2.5.9, 3.1.2, 3.15.7; Dio.4.60.4; Hyg.Fab.41].


Andromachus 1. See ACHAEANS.

Andromachus 2. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.


Andromedes 1. A fisherman who tried to rape Britomartis [Lib.Met.40].

Andromedes 2. See SUITORS OF PENELOPE.

Andropompus 1. King of Messenia and son of Borus 3, son of Penthilus 2, son of Periclymenus 1, son of Neleus. Andropompus 1 was father of Melanthus 1, father of Codrus 1, father of those who colonized Ionia [Pau.2.18.8].

Andropompus 2. A colonizer of Ionia, founder of Lebedus, a city in Caria, Asia Minor [Strab.14.1.3].

Andros. King of the island he named after himself. Apollo gave him the power of augury. Andros was son of Anius, the father of the WINEGROWERS [Ov.Met.13.649].

Anicetus. Son (in Heaven) of Heracles 1 and Hebe [Apd.2.7.7].

Anippe. Mother by Poseidon of King Busiris 2 of Egypt, who used to sacrifice strangers [Plu.PS.38].

Anius. King of Delos and priest of Apollo. He was the father of the WINEGROWERS, Andros, Thasius and Lavinia 3. Himself he was the son of Apollo and Rhoeo, daughter of Staphylus 1, son of Ariadne. The last time Anius was heard of was when Aeneas landed in Delos after the fall of Troy; in that occasion Anius presented Aeneas' father Anchises 1 with a sceptre [Apd.Ep.3.10; DH.1.50.1, 1.59.3; Dio.5.62.1; Hyg.Fab.247; Ov.Met.13.640, 13.649].

Anna Perenna (see Anna 1 and Anna 2). See NYMPHS and Dido.

Anna 1 (Anna Perenna). Sister of Dido. Hoping that Dido would marry Aeneas, she encouraged her love for him. When Iarbas invaded the country after her sister's death, she went into exile first in Malta and afterwards in Italy where she met Aeneas. He received her, but she left the house by night compelled by Dido's ghost, and was transformed into a Nymph of the river Numicius, being thereafter called Anna Perenna. Anna 1 was daughter of Belus 2, an Assyrian king [Ov.Fast.3.567-656; Vir.Aen.1.620, 4.9, 4.47ff.].

Anna 2 (Anna Perenna). A poor but industrious old woman of the district of Bovillae who used to mould country cakes and distribute them among the people. When peace was made, they set up a statue of Perenna because she had supplied them in their time of need [Ov.Fast.3.667].

Anogon (Anaxis, Anaxias) was son of Castor 1 and Hilaira, daughter either of Leucippus 2, son of Perieres 1, son of Cynortes, son of Amyclas 1, son of Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete, or of Apollo. Castor 1 is one of the DIOSCURI [Apd.3.11.2].

Antaeus 1, son either of Poseidon or of Gaia. He is the ruler of Libya who used to kill strangers by forcing them to wrestle. He became stronger when he touched the Earth, so Heracles 1 killed him by holding him in the air [Apd.2.5.11; Dio.4.17.4; Hyg.Fab.31; Plu.The.11.1].

Antaeus 2. A front-rank soldier of Turnus, the man who resisted Aeneas in Italy. Antaeus 2 was killed by Aeneas [Vir.Aen.10.561].

Antagoras. On his return from Troy the six ships fleet of Heracles 1 encountered a storm and was driven to the island of Cos. There, seeing a shepherd tending his sheep, he asked for one ram. But the shepherd Antagoras replied that only if Heracles 1 could defeat him in wrestling he would allow him to carry off a ram. However, in spite of this agreement the Meropes came to help Antagoras and Heracles 1's men their captain, and a mighty battle ensued. Feeling that he could not cope with his adversaries Heracles 1 fled to the house of a Thracian woman where he, disguised as a female, escaped detection [Plu.GQ.58].

Antandre. See AMAZONS.

Anteias. Son of Odysseus and Circe [DH.1.72.5].

Antenor 1.


Anteros. Son of Aphrodite. Anteros, twin brother of Eros, is Love avenged, or returned [see also Eros] [Ov.Fast.4.1; Pau.1.30.1].

Anthas (Anthus 2). Founder of Anthea or Anthedon (now Poros). Later he emigrated and founded Halicarnassus. While still a child he disappeared but her sister Hypera found him in Pherae in the house of Acastus. Anthas was son of Poseidon and the Pleiad Alcyone 1. He had a son Aetius [see also Troezen] [Pau.2.30.8, 9.22.5; Plu.GQ.19; Strab.8.6.14].

Anthea is one of the fifty daughters of Thespius and Megamede, who spent fifty nights with Heracles 1, one each night [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Anthedon. See NYMPHS.

Antheias yoked the dragons to the chariot of Triptolemus, while this one was asleep, and tried to sow the seed himself, but he fell off the chariot and died. Antheias was son of Eumelus 4, the first to settle in the land of Patrae in Achaea [Pau.7.18.3].

Antheis was one of the daughters of Hyacinthus 2, who were sacrificed by the Athenians to avoid famine and pestilence during their war with Minos 2. Some have said that it was Hyacinthus 2 himself who killed them on behalf of the Athenians [Apd.3.15.8; Hyg.Fab.238].

Anthelia. See DANAIDS.

Anthemion. Father of Simoisius [see TROJANS] [Hom.Il.4.473].

Anthemone. Mother of Aeneas' Daughter 2 [DH.1.49.2].

Antheus 1. Son of Nomion 1, and father of Aegypius by Bulis, who slept with her own son [Lib.Met.5].

Antheus 2. A companion of the exiled Aeneas [Vir.Aen.1.510, 12.442].

Antheus 3. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. Antheus 3, son of Agelaus 9, was killed by King Deriades of India [Nonn.32.187, 35.382].

Antheus 4. A soldier in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. He was killed in battle [Stat.Theb.10.544].

Anthippe. One of the daughters of Thespius and Megamede. She slept with Heracles 1 and had by him a son Hippodromus [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Antho. Daughter of Amulius, who governed in Italy after his father Proca. This woman saved Ilia, mother of Romulus and Remus 1. For when Ilia, being a Vestal, was discovered with child, she did not suffer the capital penalty, as was the custom, because Antho successfully interceded on her behalf [DH.1.79.2; Plu.Rom.3.3].

Anthracia. See NYMPHS.

Anthus 1. It is told of Anthus 1, son of Autonous 3 and Hippodamia 7 that he was devoured by his father's horses and turned into a bird by Zeus and Apollo [Lib.Met.7].

Anthus 2 (see Anthas) [Plu.GQ.19].

Antia (see Stheneboea) [Apd.2.2.1; Hom.Il.6.160].

Antiades. Son of Heracles 1 and Aglaia 3, one of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede [Apd.2.7.8].

Antianira 1. Daughter of Menetes and mother by Hermes of the ARGONAUTS Echion 1 and Eurytus 2 [Arg.1.51ff.].

Antianira 2. See AMAZONS.

Antibrote. See AMAZONS.

Anticlia 1. Her father Autolycus 1 used to steal from the herds of Sisyphus, who could not catch him. Sisyphus knew who was the thief because Autolycus 1's numbers increased as his own decreased. In order to get at him, he put a mark on the hooves of his cattle, and when Autolycus 1 had stolen in his usual way, Sisyphus came to him and identified the cattle by their hooves, taking them away. It was then, they say, that Sisyphus, delaying at Autolycus 1's house, seduced Anticlia 1. She, whose mother was Amphithea 3, married in time Laertes, and had by him children: Odysseus and Ctimene. But on account of Sisyphus' visit, some have said that Odysseus was his son. Anticlia 1 died of pain for her absent son, or else killed herself on hearing a false report about him. Odysseus met his mother during his descent to the Underworld [Apd.Ep.3.12; Hom.Od.11.85, 15.353ff., 19.415; Hyg.Fab.201, 243; Pau.10.29.8; Plu.GQ.43].

Anticlia 2. Mother by Hephaestus of the evildoer Periphetes 2 [Apd.3.16.1].

Anticlia 3 was daughter Diocles 1, son of Orsilochus 1, son of the river god Alpheus. She married Asclepius' son Machaon and had by him sons: Nicomachus 1 and Gorgasus [Pau.4.30.3].

Anticlus, son of Ortyx, is one of the warriors that hid inside the WOODEN HORSE. He would have answered when Helen went around the WOODEN HORSE imitating the voices of the wives of the warriors who were inside it, but Odysseus held fast his mouth. Anticlus was married to Laodamia 4 [Apd.Ep.5.19; QS.12.314ff.; Try.178, 475].

Antigona. Daughter of Pheres 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1. Antigona was mother of Asterion 5, one of the ARGONAUTS [Hyg.Fab.14].

Antigone 1. Daughter of King Eurytion 2 of Phthia. She married Peleus and had by him a daughter Polydora 1. When Astydamia 3, wife of Acastus, fell in love with Peleus and he rejected her, she sent a message to Antigone 1 saying that Peleus was about to marry her daughter Sterope 5. On hearing that, Antigone 1 killed herself [Apd.3.13.1-3].

Antigone 2.

Antigone 3. This is the woman, daughter of King Laomedon 1 of Troy, who set herself against Hera. For this the goddess turned her into a stork [Ov.Met.6.93].


Antileon. Son of Heracles 1 and Procris 1, one of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede [Apd.2.7.8].

Antilochus. See ACHAEAN LEADERS.