Amphictyon is sometimes called son of
Deucalion 1 & Pyrrha 1. Deucalion 1, son of Prometheus 1, is the man who survived the
Flood. Amphictyon expelled
Cranaus from the throne of
Athens, became king of Attica and was in turn expelled by Erichthonius 2. Amphictyon married Atthis, after whom the country was called Attica, which before was named Actaea. According to some, however, Atthis, who was the daughter of King Cranaus & Pedias, daughter of Mynes 1, a Lacedaemonian, died a maid. Amphictyon is father of Itonus 1, father of Boeotus, after whom the Boeotians are called. He is also said to have a daughter who consorted with Poseidon giving birth to Cercyon 1, a bandit killed by Theseus. Amphictyon's
Daughter, whose name is unknown, is also said to
be, by a man called Rarus, the mother of
young man who received from
Demeter a chariot of winged Dragons and wheat with which, flying through the sky, sowed the inhabited earth, teaching the art of growing crops (Apd.1.7.2, 3.14.6; Pau.1.2.6, 1.14.3, 5.1.4).
Aras is considered to be the first man in
Phliasia, a place near Sicyonia, not far from the
isthmus of Corinth. Aras
had a son Aoris, who was a hunter and a warrior,
and a daughter Araethyrea. Both were buried after
their death in the Arantine Hill in western
Argolis. Araethyrea married Cisus, who became King
of Argos after Deiphontes;
these two are counted among the
HERACLIDES. The son of Cisus & Araethyrea, according to the Argives, was Phlias, and he is the eponym of Phliasia and the Phliasians (Pau.2.12.4-5).
Castalius was a Phocian. He had a daughter Thyia 1, who was priestess of Dionysus 2, and as it
is said, the first to celebrate orgies in his
honour. Some say that Delphus, after whom the city
of Delphi was named, is
the son of Apollo & Thyia 1 (Pau.10.6.4).
Cecrops 1 had a body compounded of man
and serpent. He was the first king of
Athens and under his
kingdom the country was adjudged to
Athena. He received the kingdom from Actaeus 1 who had ruled in Attica, after marrying his daughter Aglaurus 1. Aglaurus 1 gave birth to Erysichthon 1, Aglaurus 2, Herse 2 and Pandrosus. Erysichthon 1 died before his father (for the other children see Athens and
Envy). Some have said that Cecrops 1 is a son of Gaia (Apd.3.14.1-2; Hyg.Ast.2.29; Hyg.Fab.48; Lib.Met.6; Nonn.41.59; Pau.1.2.6).
Coresus 1 is known for having founded the
sanctuary of Ephesian
Cranaus is the king of
Athens who was dethroned by Amphictyon (see above) and after fleeing died and was buried in Lamptrae in Attica. It was in his time that the Flood in the
age of Deucalion 1 took place. Cranaus was by Pedias, father of Cranae 1, Cranaechme and Atthis (Apd.3.14.5-6; Pau.1.2.6, 1.31.3).
Erichthonius 2. The lower part of Erichthonius 2's body was snakeformed, as it was the case with Cecrops 1 (see above). Erichthonius 2 became king of Athens after having expelled Amphictyon. Some say that Erichthonius 2 was not a son of the soil bu that his father was Hephaestus, and some
call his mother Atthis, others
Gaia, and still others
Athena. These add that
Athena brought him up unknown to the other gods, and that when Erichthonius 2 died he was buried in the same precinct of Athena where he had been brought up by the goddess (see more details at Envy). Erichthonius 2 married the Naiad Praxithea 2 and their son was Pandion 2, who became King of Athens after the death of his father (Apd.3.14.6-7; Eur.Ion.21; Hyg.Ast.2.13;
Hyg.Fab.48, 166; Pau.1.2.6).
Evenor 4 is a inhabitant of
Atlantis. He had a daughter Cleito 2 by Leucippe 6. Cleito 2 consorted with Poseidon and they had five pairs of twins (see Atlantis) (Pla.Cri.113d
Indus 2. The Indians are sprung from Indus 2. He was killed by Zeus (Nonn.18.271).
Lelex 2 is the first king of Laconia (the southernmost part of the Peloponnesus), said to have arrived from Egypt. Yet some say that Lelex 2 was AUTOCHTHONOUS;
others say he was son of
Poseidon and Libya. By the naiad Cleocharia he fathered Eurotas, Myles, Polycaon 1, Cleson, and Bias 6 (Apd.3.10.3, 3.15.5; Pau.1.39.6, 1.44.3, 3.1.1).
Palaechthon is the father of Pelasgus 1 (see below) (Aes.Supp.250).
Pelasgus 1. King in Peloponnesus before
the time of Lycaon 2
after whom the inhabitants of the Peloponnesus were
called Pelasgians. Otherwise he is remembered as
the king of Argos to whom
the DANAIDS came (see also these). Pelasgus 1 was either an autochthon, or a son of Zeus and Niobe 1 (the daughter of Phoroneus), or a son of Palaechthon (see above). He is father of Lycaon 2 and Temenus 3; his wife was either Meliboea 1 (one of the OCEANIDS), or Cyllene 1 (one of the NYMPHS), or Deianira 4 (daughter of Lycaon 6, son of Aezeius, one of the first kings of the Peloponnesus) (Aes.Supp.250 and passim; Apd.2.1.1, 3.8.1; DH.1.11.2; Pau.8.22.1).
Periphas 6 is said to have reigned in Attica before the time of Cecrops 1 (see Cecrops 1 above). He was turned by Zeus into an eagle (Lib.Met.6).
Phigalus is the founder of Phigalia, a
city in Arcadia. Some
say that he was the son of
Lycaon 2 (Pau.8.39.1-2).
Phlegyas 1. King of the Phlegyans in Boeotia. He was succeeded on the throne by Chryses 1, father of Minyas according to some. Phlegyas 1 is sometimes said to be the father of Coronis 2, mother of Asclepius. Some have said that Phlegyas 1's father was Ares, and that his mother was either Dotis, or Chryse 1, daughter of Almus, son of Sisyphus. Phlegyas 1 was murdered by Lycus 5 and Nycteus 2, the brothers who usurped power in Thebes (Apd.3.5.5, 3.10.3; Hom.Asc.16; Hes.CWE.89; Nonn.29.31; Pau.9.36.1-4).
Tyllus is father of Halie 2, who married Cotys 2, son of Manes, said to be the first king of Lydia. The children of Cotys 2 and Halie 2 were Asies and Atys 3. The latter was King of Lydia after his father and was also said to be a descendant of Heracles 1 and Omphale (DH.1.27.1).